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dc.contributor.authorValero-Romero, María José 
dc.contributor.authorCalvo-Muñoz, Elisa Maria
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues-Gómes, Marilucía
dc.contributor.authorSerrano-Pérez de Gracia, Marta
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez-Mirasol, José 
dc.contributor.authorCordero-Alcántara, Tomás 
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-28T08:43:21Z
dc.date.available2014-07-28T08:43:21Z
dc.date.created2014-07
dc.date.issued2014-07-28
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10630/7939
dc.description.abstractActivated carbons are receiving great attention in the last decades as catalysts and catalyst supports due to some advantages, such as, their very high specific surface area, high thermal and chemical stability and the presence of stable basic and acid surface sites as oxygen surface groups. We havepreviou sly reported the preparation and characterization of activated carbons by chemical activation of different lignocelullosic waste and by-products with phosphoric acid [1,2]. The carbons obtained showed a particular surface chemistry due to acid surface phosphorus groups of high thermal stability that remain over the carbon surface, providing the carbons a high oxidation resistance and surface acidity. In this work, we study the catalytic conversion of ethanol and methanol over an acid carbon-based catalyst obtained by chemical activation of olive stone with H3PO4. The carbon catalyst is active for both reactions, yielding mainly dehydration products, that is, dimethyl ether (SDME>82% at 350ºC) and ethylene (Sethylene>91% at 325ºC), with lower amounts of diethyl ether, for methanol and ethanol decomposition, respectively. The activated carbon catalytic activity and stability, under inert and oxidant atmospheres, as well as, different regeneration procedures were analyzed. Results evidence that catalytic performance strongly depends on the type of atmosphere in which the reaction proceeds and suggest that oxygen would play a key role on theses catalytic processes. In the absence of oxygen, catalyst suffers a progressive deactivation by coke deposition on the active acid sites, being faster and more pronounced for methanol decomposition (Fig. 1). However, in the presence of air, the carbon surface chemistry is modified, probably through oxygen spillover on the catalyst surface, where the availability of labile oxygen would inhibit catalyst deactivation and allow steady state conditions to be reached. Furthermore, the presence of oxygen leads to significant enhancements of both alcohol conversions and could even partially regenerate the catalyst.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internacional Andalucía Teches_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.subjectCarbón activadoes_ES
dc.subjectCatálisises_ES
dc.subject.otherCatalysises_ES
dc.subject.otherActivated carbones_ES
dc.subject.otherEthanoles_ES
dc.subject.otherMethanoles_ES
dc.titleRole of oxygen in the dehydration of methanol and ethanol on carbon-based acid catalystses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObjectes_ES
dc.centroE.T.S.I. Industriales_ES
dc.relation.eventtitleInternational Congress on Chemical Engineering (ICCE)es_ES
dc.relation.eventplaceMadrid (España)es_ES
dc.relation.eventdateJulio 2014es_ES


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