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dc.contributor.authorJimenez Lopez, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Navas, Manuel 
dc.contributor.authorAlvero-Cruz, José Ramón 
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Romero, Jerónimo 
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Coll, Virginia
dc.contributor.authorRivilla, Iván
dc.contributor.authorClemente-Suárez, Vicente Javier
dc.date.accessioned2024-01-31T08:07:54Z
dc.date.available2024-01-31T08:07:54Z
dc.date.issued2019-12-02
dc.identifier.citationJiménez, M.; Fernández-Navas, M.; Alvero-Cruz, J.R.; García-Romero, J.; García-Coll, V.; Rivilla, I.; Clemente-Suárez, V.J. Differences in Psychoneuroendocrine Stress Responses of High-Level Swimmers Depending on Autocratic and Democratic Coaching Style. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 5089. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245089es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10630/29445
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the present study was to analyse differences in the psychoneuroendocrine stress responses of high-level, young swimmers depending on whether an autocratic and democratic coaching style was applied. Modifications in cortisol and the motivational climate of 18 young swimmers (15.3 ± 1.86 years, 10 females and 8 males) were analysed before and after two training sessions with equivalent training loads but directed by two coaches applying different approaches, i.e., autocratic (A) and democratic (D). The basal testosterone levels of the coaches were also assessed. The basal testosterone concentration was higher in coach A than in coach D; the athletes perceived them as autocratic and democratic, respectively. Swimmers under coach A’s instructions showed higher cortisol levels, suggesting higher cortisol production related to coaching style. Furthermore, differences in the motivational climate concerning ego (i.e., athletes comparing their ability with that of other athletes) were observed with coach A, whereas differences in motivational climate concerning the task (i.e., athletes comparing their ability with their own past performance) were observed with coach D. Cognitive variables showed negative perceptions affecting athletes’ training experience and performance when they were screamed at or insulted by coach A. There were no gender or age differences in cortisol production or motivational climate. In conclusion, this study suggests that an autocratic coaching style modulates cortisol release in both genders, affecting young elite swimmers’ motivational climate and training experience. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipNo hubo financiación externaes_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)es_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.subjectNadadores - Aspectos psicológicoses_ES
dc.subject.otherSwimminges_ES
dc.subject.otherPhysiologicales_ES
dc.subject.otherStresses_ES
dc.subject.otherNeurosecretory systemses_ES
dc.subject.otherMentoringes_ES
dc.subject.otherMalees_ES
dc.subject.otherAdolescentes_ES
dc.subject.otherAthleteses_ES
dc.subject.otherChildes_ES
dc.subject.otherFemalees_ES
dc.subject.otherHumanses_ES
dc.titleDifferences in psychoneuroendocrine stress responses of high-level swimmers depending on autocratic and democratic coaching stylees_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.centroFacultad de Medicinaes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph16245089
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_ES


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